Diabetes is a condition for people who have high blood sugar. This condition may have an effect on one of the most important organs in the body, the eyes.
People with type one or type two diabetes are at risk. This is why it is advised, most especially for people who have diabetes to have a regular eye consultation for at least once a year, because Diabetic Retinopathy may progress without symptoms and can lead to blindness.
General eye examination will help prevent any development of Diabetic Retinopathy. People with Proliferative Retinopathy who undergo regular eye check up and treatment can trim down the risk of vision loss.
DR Treatment and Prevention
The treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy may vary, depending on the phase of the disease. The retinal surgeon will base the treatment on numerous tests such as retinal photography, fluorescein angiography and ultrasound imaging of the eye, to check if there is some development of the disease.
Problems such as abnormal growth of small blood vessels and related problem of bleeding are normally treated with a laser surgery called pan retinal photocoagulation (PRP). This treatment prevents the development of the disease.
A diabetic patient with vitreous hemorrhage (bleeding inside the clear gel that fills the middle of the eye) needs a treatment called vitrectomy.
According to researchers, diabetic patients who are able to sustain the right blood sugar level through diet and exercise have fewer eye problems. Regular visits to the ophthalmologist can also reduce eye complications.